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Japonisme

The term Japonisme refers to the reception of Japanese art products and stylistic forms in Europe and the United States beginning in the second half…

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École de Tunis

The École de Tunis was an elite circle of Tunisian, French, and Italian artists formed in 1948 and credited for pioneering a Tunisian artistic modernism.…

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Kokoschka, Oskar (1886–1980)

The Austrian painter, graphic artist, writer, and playwright Oskar Kokoschka received distinction as a protégé while still studying at the Viennese School of Applied Arts.…

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Seven and Five Society

The painter Ivon Hitchens (1893–1979) led the founding of the Seven & Five Society in London in 1919, primarily as an exhibiting society for its…

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Umar, Madiha (1908–2005)

Madiha Umar was the first Iraqi woman to receive a governmental scholarship to travel to Europe, where she officially studied education but also began art…

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Belkhodja, Néjib (1933–2007)

Néjib Belkhodja was a Tunisian artist credited for leading Tunisian modern art in a new direction in the 1960s. He attended the Lycée Carnot and…

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Żarnower [Żarnowerówna], Teresa (1895–1950)

Teresa Żarnower was a Polish painter, graphic artist, sculptor, and stage/architectural designer. One of the most prominent representatives of Polish Constructivism, Żarnower was also linked…

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Gauguin, Paul (1848-1903)

Paul Gauguin was a Parisian-born French artist who was for a time associated with the Neo-Impressionist and Symbolist movements in painting. Having turned to a…

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Yeats, Jack Butler (1871-1957)

Jack B. Yeats was born into a remarkably creative Irish family; his father—John Butler Yeats—was a painter and his brother was the poet W.B. Yeats.…

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The 1913 Armory Show, New York City

The 1913 Armory Show was the first comprehensive exhibition of modern art to take place in the United States and served as America’s introduction to…

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Expressionism

Expressionism was one of the foremost modernist movements to emerge in Europe in the early years of the twentieth-century. It had a profound effect on…

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Brecheret, Victor (1894–1955)

Victor Brecheret was a modernist sculptor whose unique style incorporated the graceful design of Art Nouveau and Art Deco and the purity of the School…

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Emjaroen, Pratuang (1935--)

Pratuang Emjaroen is a member of a wave of self-taught artists in Thailand who gained renown in the 1970s. His works are driven by his…

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Bauhaus

In 1919 a young architect named Walter Gropius initiated one of the most modern art schools of the twentieth century in the city of Weimar…

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Serra, Richard (1939--)

The American artist Richard Serra emerged in the 1960s in association with the Minimalism art movement. Known primarily for his work as a sculptor, he…

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Redon, Odilon (1840–1916)

Odilon Redon was a French painter, printmaker, draughtsman, etcher, and pastellist. His ability to master various materials and techniques has often left him associated with…

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Rosenberg, Isaac (1890–1918)

An important but underappreciated British poet of the First World War, Isaac Rosenberg made a significant contribution to the literature that came out of the…

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Okundaye, Nike (1951--)

Chief (Mrs.) Oyenike Monica Okundaye, better known as Nike, is a painter and textile artist who has had a profound impact on the preservation and…

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Shaikhly, Ismail al- (1924–2002)

Born in Baghdad, Iraq, Ismail al-Shaikhly was among the Baghdadi Institute of Fine Art’s first graduating class in 1945. At the institute, he studied under…

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Wee, Beng Chong (1938--)

Wee Beng Chong is a Singaporean artist known for his work in both painting and sculpture. Trained at the Nanyang Academy of Fine Arts, Singapore,…

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Nimsamer, Chalood (1929--)

Beginning his career in the 1950s, Chalood Nimsamer became one of the most influential contemporary Thai artists. Recognized as a Thai national artist in 1998,…

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Natalsya, Amrus (1933--)

Amrus Natalsya was born 21 October 1933, in Medan, Sumatra. Having also trained as a painter, Natalsya is known primarily as a pioneering figure of…

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Yi Chung-sŏp (1916–1956)

Yi Chung-sŏp was a modern Korean painter known for his expressionist style. Yi’s painting was strongly influenced by the brushwork of Korean painting and calligraphy…

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Cubo-Futurism

Cubo-Futurism (Kubo-Futurizm) was a term used by the early 20th-century Russian avant-garde to describe literary and artistic works that represented a fusion of Cubist and…