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Stalin, Joseph (1878–1953) By Elliott, Emily

DOI: 10.4324/9781135000356-REM1368-1
Published: 02/05/2017
Retrieved: 22 May 2024, from


Joseph Stalin (Iusif Vassarionovich Dzhugashvili) was born in Gori, Russian Empire, which is part of present-day Georgia. He adopted the name ‘Stalin’ from the Russian word for ‘steel’. Although he originally attended a Georgian Orthodox seminary, he read the works of Vladimir Lenin (1870–1924) and became a Bolshevik in 1903. In the pre-revolutionary period, Stalin was a leading figure in the Caucasus, raising funds through committing bank robberies. He was sent to Siberia several times as a prisoner, but he frequently managed to escape, the last time being to Petrograd (St. Petersburg) during the revolution.

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Elliott, Emily. Stalin, Joseph (1878–1953). Routledge Encyclopedia of Modernism, Taylor and Francis,

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