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Stalin, Joseph (1878–1953) By Elliott, Emily

DOI: 10.4324/9781135000356-REM1368-1
Published: 02/05/2017
Retrieved: 25 September 2018, from
https://www.rem.routledge.com/articles/stalin-joseph-1878-1953

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Joseph Stalin (Iusif Vassarionovich Dzhugashvili) was born in Gori, Russian Empire, which is part of present-day Georgia. He adopted the name ‘Stalin’ from the Russian word for ‘steel’. Although he originally attended a Georgian Orthodox seminary, he read the works of Vladimir Lenin (1870–1924) and became a Bolshevik in 1903. In the pre-revolutionary period, Stalin was a leading figure in the Caucasus, raising funds through committing bank robberies. He was sent to Siberia several times as a prisoner, but he frequently managed to escape, the last time being to Petrograd (St. Petersburg) during the revolution.

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02/05/2017

Article DOI

10.4324/9781135000356-REM1368-1

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Citing this article:

Elliott, Emily. "Stalin, Joseph (1878–1953)." The Routledge Encyclopedia of Modernism. : Taylor and Francis, 2016. Date Accessed 25 Sep. 2018 https://www.rem.routledge.com/articles/stalin-joseph-1878-1953. doi:10.4324/9781135000356-REM1368-1

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