Article

Paraskevaídis, Graciela (1940-2017) By Vázquez, Hernán Gabriel

DOI: 10.4324/9781135000356-REM1743-1
Published: 01/10/2017
Retrieved: 23 March 2019, from
https://www.rem.routledge.com/articles/paraskevaidis-graciela-1940-2017

Article

Abstract

Graciela Paraskevaídis is a composer, musicologist and educator who lies between referents of Latin American music production. Born and solidly formed in the city of Buenos Aires, Paraskevaídis has resided in the city of Montevideo, Uruguay, since 1975. Paraskevaídis’ musical and theoretical work has had an extensive reception and dissemination in Latin American and international spheres. A powerful and expressive concentrated load characterizes her musical production. Her works often have a restricted set of sound materials and expressive use of silence that are combined with non-mechanical reiteration processes. Paraskevaídis has developed an important role as musicologist alongside teaching and composition.

Graciela Paraskevaídis is a composer, musicologist and educator who lies between referents of Latin American music production. Born and solidly formed in the city of Buenos Aires, Paraskevaídis has resided in the city of Montevideo, Uruguay, since 1975. Paraskevaídis’ musical and theoretical work has had an extensive reception and dissemination in Latin American and international spheres. A powerful and expressive concentrated load characterizes her musical production. Her works often have a restricted set of sound materials and expressive use of silence that are combined with non-mechanical reiteration processes. Paraskevaídis has developed an important role as musicologist alongside teaching and composition.

Timeline

1940

Born

1965

Joined at CLAEM

1968

Studied in Europe

1975

Moved to Uruguay

Currently

Teaches and composes

Musical studies and career

Paraskevaídis studied at the National Conservatory of Music ‘Carlos López Buchardo’ of Buenos Aires. There, she took lessons in composition and stimulation from Roberto Garcia Morillo. Between 1965 and 1966, she was a fellow of the Latin American Center for Advanced Musical Studies (CLAEM) of the Instituto Torcuato Di Tella. At the CLAEM, thanks to her exchanges with colleagues, Paraskevaídis made contact with the social reality of Latin American countries and that experience influenced the way of approaching their production aesthetically and socially. Paraskevaídis recognizes composers Iannis Xenakis and Gerardo Gandini as being those who promoted her musical thinking while she studied at the CLAEM. Between 1968 and 1971, she studied with Wolfgang Fortner in the School of Music in Freiburg (Germany) with a scholarship from the DAAD (German Academic Exchange Service). Also in Germany, in 1984 she lived in Berlin as a guest on the Artists in Residence Program and in 1988 in Stuttgart, invited by the Akademie Scholss Solitude.

Paraskevaídis is extremely active in coordinating musical associations. Along with other Latin American composers, she organized and coordinated the Latin American Contemporary Music Courses that developed between 1975 and 1989. She was a founding member of the New Music Core of Buenos Aires (Núcleo Música Nueva de Buenos Aires) and Argentinian Society of Contemporary Music. Currently she is a member of the New Music Core Montevideo (Núcleo Música Nueva Montevideo) and the Uruguayan Society of Contemporary Music.

Between 1985 and 1992, Paraskevaídis taught at the School of Music in Montevideo. Besides teaching in the private sphere, Paraskevaídis has worked widely as a musicologist. Her theoretical production ranges from the musical analysis of current and traditional repertoire to historical writings on several Latin American themes. Together with her numerous essays and articles, she is author of the books La obra sinfónica de Eduardo Fabini (1992) and Luis Campodónico, compositor (2000). Among the journals that have published her texts, we can name MusikTexte, Pauta, Revista Musical Chilena, Lulú, World New Music Magazine and Revista Argentina de Musicología. Between 1990 and 2000 she was co-editor of the World New Music Magazine and in 2004 she created and co-edited with Max Nyffeler the website www.latinoamerica-musica.net (dedicated to the dissemination of texts about contemporary Latin American music) where she is presently editor. Paraskevaídis has translated many articles from German and Jean-Jacques Dünki’s book Schönbergs Zeichen: Wege zur Interpretation seiner Klaviermusik (Los signos de Schoenberg, Caracas, Monte Ávila, 2005). In 1994 the Munich Goethe Institute awarded her the Goethe Medal. In 2006 she received the Morosoli Prize (Uruguay).

Production and characteristics of the works

Her compositions have received numerous awards (Argentine Association of Composers, City of Buenos Aires and Berlin Academy of Arts, among others) and have been played in several countries in Latin America, North America, Asia and Europe. Aesthetically and ethically, the author considers herself linked to Edgar Varèse, Silvestre Revueltas and Luigi Nono. Paraskevaídis creates from the artisan work on the possibilities of sound as texture generator rather than using preset structures or abstract systems.

One of the elements that characterize the works of Paraskevaídis is the production of innovative sound effects through relatively conventional resources. Usually, the works are created for small to medium homogeneous set of instruments or voices a cappella. Through the use of clusters and blocks of sound in the higher or lower pitches, the author creates a microtonal sound world and the spectral enrichment of sounds performed by the instrumental players. The magma series (a total of seven works, the majority for wind instruments); un lado, otro lado (1984), for solo piano and ático (2006), for piccolo and sopranino recorder, are typical examples of the resources described. Another important element is the presence of highly concentrated sound material, economic and exhibited in repetition or recurrence. In turn, the explicit pulse influences creating non-evolutionary formal organization that is sectioned by strong contrasts of intensity, register or silence. These characteristics are in works such as todavía no (1979), for three flutes and three clarinets, or libres en el sonido presos en el sonido (1997), for instrumental ensemble. The titles of the works present a stimulant symbolism and many of them come from poems by Juan Gelman. In the last few years, Paraskevaídis has done works for members of the Experimental Orchestra of Native Instruments (OEIN, Bolivia) created and directed by Cergio Prudencio.

List of works

  • Cuarteto de cuerdas (1961), string quartet. Premiered Buenos Aires, June 24, 1964.

  • Música para orquesta (1962), symphonic orchestra. Premiered Athens, February 5, 1966.

  • Cinco piezas para piano (1964), piano. Premiered Buenos Aires, June 25, 1965.

  • Parámetros (1965), piano, alto sax and percussion. Premiered Buenos Aires, November 28, 1965.

  • Combinatoria II (1966), piano, trombone, percussion and tape. Premiered Buenos Aires, September 7, 1966.

  • magma I (1967), brasswind nonet. Premiered Berlin, November 17, 1970.

  • Subliminal I (1967), piano and tape. Premiered Puerto Rico, March 8, 1968.

  • Con silencio vibrante (1967), clarinet and viola. Premiered Madrid, December 12, 1992.

  • Combinatoria II (2nd version) (1968), piano, trombone, percussion and tape. Premiered Freiburg im Breisgau, July 16, 1968.

  • Seis canciones españolas (Lyrics by Miguel Hernández) (1968), soprano and piano. Premiered Freiburg im Breisgau, February 26, 1969.

  • Trio (1969), flute, clarinet and bassoon. Premiered Montevideo, May 3, 1969.

  • magma II (1968), four trombones. Premiered Santo Domingo, May 16, 1969.

  • ‘libertà va cercando…’ (Lyrics by Dante Alighieri) (1969), mixed choir a cappella. Premiered Buenos Aires, October 7, 1971.

  • Aphorismen (Lyrics by Karl Kraus) (1969), two actors, piano, percussion and tape. Premiered Freiburg im Breisgau, February 25, 1970.

  • e desidero solo colori (Lyrics by Cesare Pavese) (1969), female choir a cappella. Premiered Freiburg im Breisgau, July 9, 1970.

  • mellonta tauta (1970), accordion. Premiered Freiburg im Breisgau, December 17, 1970.

  • Schatten (Lyrics by Karl Kraus) (1970), soprano and baritone. Premiered Freiburg im Breisgau, February 27, 1984.

  • Die Hand voller Stunden (1970), nine solo voices. Premiered Freiburg im Breisgau, December 2, 1984.

  • Mozart (Texts from W. A. Mozart’s letters) (1970–1972), actor and instrumental ensemble. Premiered Freiburg im Breisgau, 25-V-25–1973

  • Schattenreich (Lyrics by Hans Magnus Enzensberger) (1972), vocal quartet a cappella. Premiered Freiburg im Breisgau, May 25, 1973.

  • Mozart (2nd version, in Spanish) (1974), actor and instrumental ensemble. Premiered Buenos Aires, October 18, 1976

  • magma III (1974), flute, trombone, violoncello and piano. Premiered Freiburg im Breisgau, October 31, 1979.

  • magma IV (1974), string quartet. Premiered Montevideo, April 1, 1981.

  • huauqui (1975), electro-acoustic music. Premiered Buenos Aires, October 15, 1975.

  • magma V (1977), four quenas. Premiered Montevideo, 6 June 1979.

  • todavía no (1979), three flutes and three clarinets. Premiered Freiburg im Breisgau, October 31, 1979.

  • magma VI (1979), two trumpets and two trombones. Premiered Bonn, November 20, 1979.

  • y… es como todo (1981), two flutes, two clarinets, trumpet and horn. Premiered Montevideo, June 9, 1983.

  • A entera revisación del público en general (1978–1981), electro-acoustic music. Premiered Montevideo, November 24, 1981.

  • un lado, otro lado (1984), piano. Premiered Buenos Aires, August 8, 1984.

  • más fuerza tiene (1984), clarinet. Premiered La Paz, November 18, 1986.

  • magma VII (1984), fourteen wind instruments. Premiered Berlin, December 2, 1984.

  • Tres piezas infantiles (1986), piano.

  • el grito en el cielo (1987), mixed choir a cappella. Premiered Santiago de Chile, July 31, 2002.

  • dos piezas para pequeño conjunto (1989), oboe, clarinet, trumpet, claves and piano. Premiered Montevideo, June 27, 1990.

  • sendas (1992), flute, oboe, clarinet, bassoon, trumpet, horn, trombone and piano. Premiered Freiburg im Breisgau, October 30, 1992.

  • el nervio de Arnold (1992), guitar. Premiered Montevideo, October 28, 1992.

  • algún sonido de la vida (1993), two oboes. Premiered Montevideo, October 13, 1993.

  • nada (1993), soprano. Premiered Montevideo, April 13, 1994.

  • ta (1994), flute, oboe, clarinet and piano. Premiered Freiburg im Breisgau, June 23, 1996.

  • otra vez (1994), piano. Premiered Rosario, April 1, 1995.

  • pero están (2nd version) (1997), flute, oboe and clarinet. Premiered Montevideo, October 15, 1997.

  • No quiero oír ya más campanas (1995) fourteen wind instruments. Premiered Köln, 2-III-02–1996

  • dos piezas para oboe y piano (1995) oboe and piano. Premiered Montevideo, October 15, 1995

  • en abril (1996), piano. Premiered Buenos Aires, October 12, 1996.

  • hacen así (1996), xylophone, wood block, gong and four claves. Premiered Montevideo, September 18, 1996.09-18-1996

  • altibajos (1996), two double bass. Premiered Freiburg im Breisgau, May 4, 1999.

  • …a hombros del ruiseñor (1997), piano. Premiered Santos, August 19, 1997.

  • Alter Duft (1997), clarinet, guitar, mandolin, violin, viola and violoncello. Premiered Winterthur, April 9, 1998.

  • libres en el sonido presos en el sonido (1997), flute, clarinet, piano, violin and violoncello. Premiered Köln, November 19, 1998.

  • suono sogno (1998), violin. Premiered Solitude, April 15, 1998.

  • discordia (1998), nine voices a capella. Premiered Köln, November 1, 1998.

  • contra la ovidación (1998), piano. Premiered Montevideo, 25-25-1998

  • solos (1998), alto flute and guitar. Premiered Sucre, 14-14-1998

  • piezas de bolsillo (1999), four percussionists. Premiered La Plata, September 9, 1999.

  • dos piezas para piano (2001), piano. Premiered Montevideo, October 24, 2001.

  • …il remoto silenzio (2002), violoncello. Premiered Bremen, November 16, 2002.

  • Soy de un país donde (2002), trumpet, horn, trombone and tuba. Premiered Stuttgart, June 29, 2006.

  • Aruaru (2003), mezzo-soprano, clarinet, violin, violoncello and piano. Premiered Santiago de Chile, January 13, 2004.

  • ¿y si fuera cierto? (2003), alto flute, English horn and piano. Premiered Montevideo, January 1, 2004.

  • ‘y allá andará según se dice’ (2005), pinkillos, tarkas, sikus, two wankaras and claves. Premiered La Paz, October 16, 2005.

  • tris (2005), oboe, bassoon and double bass. Premiered Freiburg, May 19, 2006.

  • ático (2006), piccolo and sopranino recorder. Premiered Bremen, November 23, 2006.

  • réplica (2007), harpsichord. Premiered Montevideo, April 23, 2008.

  • cada cual (2010), piano four hands. Premiered La Paz, June 28, 2012.

  • … bajo otros cielos… (2011),aerophones and percussion of the Bolivian highlands. Premiered La Paz, May 21, 2011.

Discography

Monographic editions

  • magma, Tacuabé, T/E 26 CD, Uruguay, 1996.

  • libres en el sonido, Tacuabé, T/E 40 CD, Uruguay, 2003.

Editions that include his works (selection)

  • Música nueva latinoamericana, vol. 5. Tacuabé, T/E 11, Uruguay, 1978. LP.

  • Compositores del Uruguay, vol. 1. Tacuabé, T/E 17 K, Uruguay, 1987. Cassette.

  • Compositores latino-americanos, vol. 4. Echo, 295, Brasil, 1995. CD.

  • Octandre. Ars Musici, AM-1147-2, Alemania, 1996. CD.

  • Festival für neue Musik, Frau Musica, 001, Alemania, 1999.

  • hacen así, EUM, 2518-2, Uruguay, 2001.

  • Orquesta Experimental de Instrumentos Nativo 3, Kantvs, CA-067-2, Bolivia, 2004.

  • Orquesta Experimental de Instrumentos Nativos. Concierto 25 aniversario, Kantvs, CA-093–2, Bolivia, 2006.

  • Neue Flötentöne live, NRW, A0 3064, Alemania, 2008.

content unlocked

Published

01/10/2017

Article DOI

10.4324/9781135000356-REM1743-1

Print

Citing this article:

Vázquez, Hernán Gabriel. "Paraskevaídis, Graciela (1940-2017)." The Routledge Encyclopedia of Modernism. : Taylor and Francis, 2016. Date Accessed 23 Mar. 2019 https://www.rem.routledge.com/articles/paraskevaidis-graciela-1940-2017. doi:10.4324/9781135000356-REM1743-1

Copyright © 2016-2019 Routledge.