Generation of ‘27 By Restrepo-Gautier, Pablo
Generation of ‘27 was a group of poets in Spain also known as Generation of 1925, Generation of the Dictatorship (referring to Primo de Rivera’s regime), Generation of the avant-garde, and Generation Lorca-Guillén, among other appellations. The term “Generation of ‘27” arises from a gathering of Spanish avant-garde poets on 16 and 17 December 1927, to commemorate the 300th anniversary of the death of Andalusian baroque poet Luis de Góngora y Argote (1561–1627).
The term most often designates a group of ten poets born between 1891 and 1905: Pedro Salinas (1891–1951), Jorge Guillén (1893–1984), Gerardo Diego (1896–1987), Federico García Lorca (1898–1936), Vicente Aleixandre (1898–1984), Dámaso Alonso (1898–1990), Emilio Prados (1899–1962), Luis Cernuda (1902–1963), Rafael Alberti (1902–1999), and Manuel Altolaguirre (1905–1959). In a broader sense, the term may also include other artists such as painters Salvador Dalí (1904–1989) and Maruja Mallo (1902–1995), filmmaker Luis Buñuel (1900–1983), and musician Rosa García Ascot (1902–2002). Most members of the group met in Madrid at the influential cultural center known as the Residencia de Estudiantes.