Generation of ’27 [REVISED AND EXPANDED] By Restrepo-Gautier, Pablo
Generation of ’27 [Generación del 27 or de 1927], in Spain, a group of poets, also called the Generation of 1925, the Generation of the Dictatorship (referring to Primo de Rivera’s regime, 1923–30), the Generation of the Avant-Garde, the Friendship Generation, and the Generation Lorca-Guillén, among other appellations. The term ‘Generation of ’27’ arises from a gathering of Spanish avant-garde poets at the Ateneo de Sevilla, an influential cultural association, on 16 and 17 December 1927, to commemorate the 300th anniversary of the death of the Andalusian baroque poet Luis de Góngora y Argote (1561–1627). The Generation of ’27 belongs to what has been called the Edad de Plata [Silver Age] of Spanish literature and culture, a period comprising the first three decades of the 20th century up to the beginning of the Spanish Civil War (1936–9). Two other literary epochs flourished during this period – the Generation of 1898 and the Generation of 1914.