Wells, H.G. (1866–1946) By Balavage, Elysia
H.G. Wells was a British writer, educator, and social critic. Known as the founder of modern science fiction, Wells created many of the genre’s foundational motifs and concepts. His early experience as a draper’s apprentice motivated Wells to adopt socialism as a political ideology, and he both became a member of the Fabian Society and ran as the Labour Party candidate for London University’s 1922 and 1923 general elections. Wells is formally educated in biology, which informed both his writing and beliefs concerning the state of human society. Unsatisfied with society’s trajectory, Wells was sympathetic to arguments concerning eugenics, a concept that appears in several of his novels. He was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature on four occasions.