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Article

Torres-García, Joaquín (1874–1949) By Cortés Saavedra, David Fernando

DOI: 10.4324/9781135000356-REM1437-1
Published: 02/05/2017
Retrieved: 18 April 2019, from
https://www.rem.routledge.com/articles/torres-garcia-joaquin-1874-1949

Article

Father of Universalismo Constructivo and founder of the Asociación de Arte Constructivo and the Taller Torres García in Montevideo, Torres-García was the most important modern Uruguayan artist of his time and a direct precursor to concrete art in Latin America. Based on his experiences in Europe with artist Antoni Gaudí, the group De Stijl, and the artists gathered around the magazine Circle et Carré, Torres-García elaborated the premises of his Universalismo Constructivo, which he would concretize upon his return to Montevideo in 1934. Universalismo Constructivo is best defined as Torres García’s constructivist work in which schematic figurative elements are held by a grid pattern regulated by the golden section and a pinwheel structure. It was considered by North American theorist Clement Greenberg as an example of all over painting.

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02/05/2017

Article DOI

10.4324/9781135000356-REM1437-1

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Citing this article:

Fernando Cortés Saavedra, David. "Torres-García, Joaquín (1874–1949)." The Routledge Encyclopedia of Modernism. : Taylor and Francis, 2016. Date Accessed 18 Apr. 2019 https://www.rem.routledge.com/articles/torres-garcia-joaquin-1874-1949. doi:10.4324/9781135000356-REM1437-1

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