Access to the full text of the entire article is only available to members of institutions that have purchased access. If you belong to such an institution, please log in or find out more about how to order.


Article

The Spanish Civil War (1936–1939) By Jones, David

DOI: 10.4324/9781135000356-REM1367-1
Published: 02/05/2017
Retrieved: 11 August 2020, from
https://www.rem.routledge.com/articles/the-spanish-civil-war-1936-1939

Article

The Spanish Civil War was a major military conflict between right-wing Nationalists and left-wing Republicans that erupted after a coup d’état was staged by rebel generals against the democratically elected Republican government. Following the ‘defense of Madrid’, during which Republicans held off a Nationalist siege on the Spanish capital, the conflict settled into a war of attrition, with Spain divided into two radically opposed territories. On the Nationalist side, an authoritarian dictatorship bolstered by the fascistic Carlist and Falange militias under General Francisco Franco (1892–1975) emerged, representing the interests of Spain’s conservative and Catholic élites. On the Republican side, defenders of the government of President Manuel Azaña (1880–1940) organized around radical anarchist and socialist trade unions (CNT, UGT, POUM) and volunteer militias.

content locked

Published

02/05/2017

Article DOI

10.4324/9781135000356-REM1367-1

Print


Related Items

Citing this article:

Jones, David. "The Spanish Civil War (1936–1939)." The Routledge Encyclopedia of Modernism. : Taylor and Francis, 2016. Date Accessed 11 Aug. 2020 https://www.rem.routledge.com/articles/the-spanish-civil-war-1936-1939. doi:10.4324/9781135000356-REM1367-1

Copyright © 2016-2020 Routledge.