Takarazuka By Swain, John D.
The Takarazuka Revue (Takarazuka kagekidan) is an all-female troupe founded by Kobayashi Ichizō (1873–1957) in 1913 as a device to generate business on the railway and hot springs resort owned and operated by himself and the Hankyū Railway. The troupe takes its name from the city of Takarazuka located just northwest of Osaka. The commercial promotion was such a success that the city is now better known for the Takarazuka Revue than for its hot springs. Today, the company has two large theaters, one in Takarazuka and one in Tokyo, and five troupes, Flower, Moon, Snow, Star and Cosmos, that take turns performing in Takarazuka, in Tokyo, and on national tours.