Access to the full text of the entire article is only available to members of institutions that have purchased access. If you belong to such an institution, please log in or find out more about how to order.


Article

Semenko, Mykhail’ [Семенко, Михайль] (1892–1937) By Ilnytzkyj, Oleh S.

DOI: 10.4324/9781135000356-REM685-1
Published: 09/05/2016
Retrieved: 13 December 2018, from
https://www.rem.routledge.com/articles/semenko-mykhail-1892-1937

Article

Mykhail’ Semenko was the founder, theoretician, and major poet of the Ukrainian futurist movement, as well as the editor of the journal Nova generatsiia [New Generation] (1927–1930). He was executed during the Stalinist terror on trumped-up charges of Ukrainian nationalism. A prolific poet, he began writing in the spirit of Symbolism, but turned to Futurism in 1914 with the collections Derzannia [Bravado] and Kvero-Futuryzm [Quaero-futurism] (1914), which created a major scandal. His 1924 collection, Kobzar, appropriated the title of Ukraine’s greatest romantic poet, Taras Shevchenko (1814–1861), further alienating a conservative public. Semenko relished being the “bad boy” of Ukrainian poetry, offering a broad spectrum of innovative—and sometimes shocking—verse, ranging from vers libre to playful trans-sense lyrics to self-deprecating, prosaic love poems. He wrote visual poetry, dubbed “poetry-painting.” Urban themes and satirical topical verse are a hallmark of his creativity. As a theoretician, Semenko developed Panfuturism, which he defined in 1922 as being “at once Futurism, Cubism, Expressionism, and Dadaism—but […] not simply a synthesis of these useful things” (Semenko 12). Influenced both by Italian and Russian Futurism, Semenko rightly insisted on the originality and autonomy of his movement, which became a major force in transforming Ukrainian culture in the 1910s and 1920s.

content locked

Published

09/05/2016

Article DOI

10.4324/9781135000356-REM685-1

Print

Related Searches


Citing this article:

Ilnytzkyj, Oleh S. "Semenko, Mykhail’ [Семенко, Михайль] (1892–1937)." The Routledge Encyclopedia of Modernism. : Taylor and Francis, 2016. Date Accessed 13 Dec. 2018 https://www.rem.routledge.com/articles/semenko-mykhail-1892-1937. doi:10.4324/9781135000356-REM685-1

Copyright © 2016-2018 Routledge.