Peggy Guggenheim (1898–1979) By Mitrano, Mena
In any history of the migrations and transformations of modernism, Peggy Guggenheim (1898–1979) deserves a privileged place. She shares with Marcel Duchamp, a close friend and her first guide to modern art, the distinctive merit of introducing surrealism to the New York School artists. Though it formed her taste, surrealism was by no means the only force behind her acquisitions. Her collection comprises masterpieces by a variety of European artists she enthusiastically promoted – from Kandinsky to Klee, from De Chirico to Severini, from Giacometti to Brancusi – and of American artists she supported through thick and thin, most notably Jackson Pollock.