Article

Parole in Libertà By Fabietti, Elena

DOI: 10.4324/9781135000356-REM1992-1
Published: 15/10/2018
Retrieved: 20 January 2019, from
https://www.rem.routledge.com/articles/parole-in-liberta

Article

Abstract

Translatable as ‘words in freedom’ or ‘liberated words’, the phrase Parole in Libertà is an essential slogan of the Italian Futurist movement, and refers to a radical new way of using literary language and liberating it from the bounds of tradition. First coined by Filippo Tommaso Marinetti in the ‘Technical Manifesto of Futurist Literature’ (1912) and further defined in texts such as ‘Destruction of Syntax/Imagination without Strings/Words-in-Freedom’ (1913) and ‘Geometric and Mechanical Splendor and the Numerical Sensibility’ (1914), the phrase has come to define the entire futurist aesthetic of visual language. The technique primarily applies to the invention of specific tables of words (tavole parolibere) artfully arranged in typographical innovative patterns (e.g. through the procedure of ‘typographic analogy’, where, the verb ‘to go down’ has to graphically mimic the action of descending).

Translatable as ‘words in freedom’ or ‘liberated words’, the phrase Parole in Libertà is an essential slogan of the Italian Futurist movement, and refers to a radical new way of using literary language and liberating it from the bounds of tradition. First coined by Filippo Tommaso Marinetti in the ‘Technical Manifesto of Futurist Literature’ (1912) and further defined in texts such as ‘Destruction of Syntax/Imagination without Strings/Words-in-Freedom’ (1913) and ‘Geometric and Mechanical Splendor and the Numerical Sensibility’ (1914), the phrase has come to define the entire futurist aesthetic of visual language. The technique primarily applies to the invention of specific tables of words (tavole parolibere) artfully arranged in typographical innovative patterns (e.g. through the procedure of ‘typographic analogy’, where, the verb ‘to go down’ has to graphically mimic the action of descending).

Among the techniques involved by the method prescribed by the manifestos are the exclusive use of verbal infinitive, the abolition of adjectives, adverbs and punctuation, and the intense use of onomatopoeic words. The noun gains absolute primacy, putting reality starkly on the page. Words are mainly connected through analogy, juxtaposed without conjunctions or logical connectors (e.g. ‘uomo-torpediniera’, ‘man-torpedo boat’). Together with the destruction of syntax, the destruction of traditional subjectivity is pursued, by replacing logical patterns of thought with intuition and a ‘wireless imagination’.

Further reading

  • Apollonio, U. (2001) Futurist Manifestoes, Boston: MFA Publications.

  • Caruso, L. and Martini, S. M. (1974) Tavole Parolibere Futuriste (1912–1944), Napoli: Liguori Editore.

  • Flint, W. (1972) Marinetti: Selected Writings, New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.

  • Viazzi, G. (1978) I poeti del futurismo, 1909–1944, Milano: Longanesi.

content unlocked

Published

15/10/2018

Article DOI

10.4324/9781135000356-REM1992-1

Print

Citing this article:

Fabietti, Elena. "Parole in Libertà." The Routledge Encyclopedia of Modernism. : Taylor and Francis, 2016. Date Accessed 20 Jan. 2019 https://www.rem.routledge.com/articles/parole-in-liberta. doi:10.4324/9781135000356-REM1992-1

Copyright © 2016-2019 Routledge.