Access to the full text of the entire article is only available to members of institutions that have purchased access. If you belong to such an institution, please log in or find out more about how to order.


Microtonality By Young, Gayle

DOI: 10.4324/9781135000356-REM1299-1
Published: 01/10/2016
Retrieved: 12 April 2024, from


Microtonality refers to any use of pitch that departs from twelve equally-spaced tones per octave (twelve-tone equal temperament), the standard tuning established in Europe since the nineteenth century. This tuning has come to dominate music internationally through the widespread use of mass-produced instruments with standard tunings, such as electronic keyboards.

content locked



Article DOI



Citing this article:

Young, Gayle. Microtonality. Routledge Encyclopedia of Modernism, Taylor and Francis,

Copyright © 2016-2024 Routledge.