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Mariategui, José Carlos (1894–1930) By Chauca, Edward

DOI: 10.4324/9781135000356-REM1941-1
Published: 15/10/2018
Retrieved: 13 June 2024, from


José Carlos Mariátegui was the most influential Latin American Marxist of the twentieth century. From 1914 to 1920 he worked as a journalist in Lima, Peru. Persecuted by the government, he travelled to Europe in 1920, where he studied Marxism in depth as a result of contact with socialist artists and intellectuals. In 1923 he returned to Peru persuaded of the importance of implementing socialism in the country. However, rather than following a European pattern, he developed a national variant of socialism that combined Marx’s ideas with the communal collectivism of indigenous culture.

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Chauca, Edward. Mariategui, José Carlos (1894–1930). Routledge Encyclopedia of Modernism, Taylor and Francis,

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