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Luxemburg, Rosa (1871–1919) By Gammel, Irene

DOI: 10.4324/9781135000356-REM2130-1
Published: 15/10/2018
Retrieved: 02 October 2023, from


Also known as ‘Red Rosa’, Rosa Luxemburg was a writer, philosopher, feminist, and labour activist who fuelled the socialist movement in Weimar Germany. For modernists such as Bertolt Brecht (1898–1956), who dedicated the activist song ‘Up, up, let’s fight’ to her, she was an iconic revolutionary. Born in Polish Russia of Jewish descent, Luxemburg was multilingual and well-educated, representing an international, rather than a nationalist outlook.

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Gammel, Irene. "Luxemburg, Rosa (1871–1919)." The Routledge Encyclopedia of Modernism. : Taylor and Francis, 2016. Date Accessed 2 Oct. 2023 doi:10.4324/9781135000356-REM2130-1

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