Access to the full text of the entire article is only available to members of institutions that have purchased access. If you belong to such an institution, please log in or find out more about how to order.


Article

Kraus, Gertrud (1901–1977) By Rottenberg, Henia

DOI: 10.4324/9781135000356-REM1666-1
Published: 01/10/2017
Retrieved: 23 March 2019, from
https://www.rem.routledge.com/articles/kraus-gertrud-1901-1977

Article

Gertrud Kraus, a Jewish dancer, choreographer, and teacher, was a prominent representative of Viennese Ausdruckstanz and later a key figure in establishing modern dance in her new homeland of Israel. She performed her solo recitals on stages in the capitals of Europe and the Middle East with great success, and choreographed for her own dance group and for theater and opera. Characterized by a search for self-expression that was associated with deep social consciousness and humanism, her works resulted from her profound personal identification with struggles for social justice. Exemplary was the cycle Songs of the Ghetto, set to music by Russian-Jewish composer Joseph Achron and performed at the 1930 Dancers Congress in Munich. Although such works brought Kraus international success, the rise of National Socialism and the Nazi threat to Jews and leftists led to her emigration in 1935 to Eretz Yisrael, as the land of Palestine was called by Zionists at the time. Arriving at a time of conscious creation of Hebrew culture, Kraus soon became a dominant figure in the dance scene of the 1930s and 1940s, and she is considered one of the founders of modern dance in Israel.

content locked

Published

01/10/2017

Article DOI

10.4324/9781135000356-REM1666-1

Print

Citing this article:

Rottenberg, Henia. "Kraus, Gertrud (1901–1977)." The Routledge Encyclopedia of Modernism. : Taylor and Francis, 2016. Date Accessed 23 Mar. 2019 https://www.rem.routledge.com/articles/kraus-gertrud-1901-1977. doi:10.4324/9781135000356-REM1666-1

Copyright © 2016-2019 Routledge.