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Hitler, Adolf (1889–1945) By Pecora, Vincent P.

DOI: 10.4324/9781135000356-REM368-1
Published: 09/05/2016
Retrieved: 21 May 2024, from


Adolf Hitler was the dominant political figure in German Nazism. He became chairman of the Nazionalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei [the National Socialist German Workers’ Party or NSDAP] in 1921, and was appointed chancellor of Germany in 1933. Between 1934 and 1945 he ruled as führer [leader, but in this case absolute dictator]. Hitler guided Germany to rearmament in the 1930s, and triggered World War II with the invasion of Poland in 1939. He inspired a quest for German racial purity, and elevated anti-Semitism and xenophobia from a cultural prejudice to an all-encompassing state policy of genocide.

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Pecora, Vincent P.. Hitler, Adolf (1889–1945). Routledge Encyclopedia of Modernism, Taylor and Francis,

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