Access to the full text of the entire article is only available to members of institutions that have purchased access. If you belong to such an institution, please log in or find out more about how to order.


Gumilev, Nikolai (ГУМИЛЕВ, НИКОЛАЙ) (1886–1921) By Wang, Emily

DOI: 10.4324/9781135000356-REM1975-1
Published: 15/10/2018
Retrieved: 23 July 2024, from


Nikolai Gumilev was a Russian writer known for his poetry, translations, and literary criticism. He is also remembered as the founder of the Acmeist movement, which included such outstanding poets as Anna Akhmatova (his wife) and Osip Mandelstam. He was born near St Petersburg and lived there for most of his life, but he also travelled extensively, most famously to Africa. Gumilev distinguished himself as one of the few writers of his generation to serve in the First World War. After the war, he returned to Russia, but did not embrace the new Soviet government. In 1921 he was arrested and executed for alleged participation in a Tsarist conspiracy.

content locked



Article DOI



Citing this article:

Wang, Emily. Gumilev, Nikolai (ГУМИЛЕВ, НИКОЛАЙ) (1886–1921). Routledge Encyclopedia of Modernism, Taylor and Francis,

Copyright © 2016-2024 Routledge.