Access to the full text of the entire article is only available to members of institutions that have purchased access. If you belong to such an institution, please log in or find out more about how to order.


Graebner, Fritz (1877–1934) By Kotte, Claudia

DOI: 10.4324/9781135000356-REM1938-1
Published: 15/10/2018
Retrieved: 23 July 2019, from


Robert Fritz Graebner was a German ethnologist whose theory of Kulturkreis (culture circle) launched a cultural historical approach to ethnology. After finishing his dissertation on medieval history, Graebner worked as an assistant at the Royal Museum of Ethnology in Berlin (1899–1906), where he studied the cultures of Oceania. He compared artefacts and plotted them geographically in order to discover patterns of cultural traits.

content locked



Article DOI



Citing this article:

Kotte, Claudia. "Graebner, Fritz (1877–1934)." The Routledge Encyclopedia of Modernism. : Taylor and Francis, 2016. Date Accessed 23 Jul. 2019 doi:10.4324/9781135000356-REM1938-1

Copyright © 2016-2019 Routledge.