Davis, Miles Dewey III, (1926–1991) By Waters, Keith
Jazz trumpeter, bandleader, and composer Miles Davis is one of the most significant artists in the history of jazz. He stood at the forefront of post-World War II developments in jazz, including bebop, cool jazz, hard bop, modal jazz, postbop, and jazz-rock fusion. His trumpet playing was renowned for a breadth of timbres, unique spatial arrangements, and emphatic use of the middle register. As a bandleader he hired and subsequently launched the careers of some of the most important and innovative jazz artists, including tenor saxophonists Sonny Rollins, Wayne Shorter, and John Coltrane, alto saxophonist Cannonball Adderley, pianists Herbie Hancock and Chick Corea, guitarists John McLaughlin, Mike Stern, and John Scofield, drummer Tony Williams, and bassist Marcus Miller. His 1959 recording Kind of Blue remains one of the best-selling, most critically acclaimed, and iconic jazz albums of all time.