Access to the full text of the entire article is only available to members of institutions that have purchased access. If you belong to such an institution, please log in or find out more about how to order.


D Group By Smith, Sarah–Neel

DOI: 10.4324/9781135000356-REM1392-1
Published: 02/05/2017
Retrieved: 05 March 2024, from


The D Group was a loose association of painters and sculptors who exhibited regularly together between 1933 and 1947. The group took its name from the fourth letter of the Latin alphabet because its founding members – Nurullah Berk (1906–1982), Abidin Dino (1913–1993), Zeki Faik Izer (1905–1988), Zühtü Muridoğlu (1906–1992), Elif Naci (1898–1987), and Cemal Tollu (1899–1968) – identified as the fourth generation of modern Turkish artists since the late 19th century, following the Ottoman Painters’ Society (Osmanlı Ressamlar Cemiyeti), the Fine Arts Federation (Güzel Sanatlar Birliği), and the Federation of Independent Painters and Sculptors (Mustakil Ressamlar ve Heykeltraşlar Birliği).

content locked



Article DOI



Citing this article:

Smith, Sarah–Neel. "D Group." The Routledge Encyclopedia of Modernism. : Taylor and Francis, 2016. Date Accessed 5 Mar. 2024 doi:10.4324/9781135000356-REM1392-1

Copyright © 2016-2024 Routledge.