Choukri, Mohamed (1935–2003) By Rius-Piniés, Mònica
Mohamed Choukri (Muḥammad Shukrī) was a Moroccan writer who made an important contribution to the renewal of literature in the Arabic world. Internationally, he is one of the best-known Arab writers, mainly due to his relationship with Paul Bowles, who was his mentor and translator into English. Choukri introduced major changes in Arabic literature, in terms of both the topics selected and the language used, combining classical Arabic with the Moroccan dialect. His main literary corpus is autobiographical and draws on his inspirational life: born in truly miserable conditions, he managed to educate himself and obtain a university degree before becoming a teacher and writer. The first volume of his memoirs, For Bread Alone, is one of the most widely read books in Arabic, and was adapted for the cinema.