Anderson, Patrick (1915–79) By Hall, Molly
Canadian poet and editor Patrick Anderson was born on August 4, 1915 in Surrey, England. Though he was English by birth, and would later return to his homeland, he is often considered a Canadian poet, having produced most of his work there after immigrating in 1940. He came to Canada in 1942 to teach at a private school after attending Oxford and Columbia Universities. In this same year Anderson famously founded the Montreal literary magazine Preview with fellow poet F.R. Scott. Poets A.M. Klein and P.K. Page also ended up on the Preview’s editorial board. The work they published closely aligned with that of the English poets of the 1930s, for which they were famously criticized as having a colonial attitude, rather than attending to a native Canadian identity. John Sutherland’s First Statement, which led the attack, looked to nativist American models rather than Preview’s British paradigm. In 1945 Preview merged with this rival publication, bringing that localism into the fold, and becoming the much respected Northern Review. The Northern Review published regularly until 1956, releasing several of Anderson’s books as well. During his Canadian years, he was also for a time a professor at McGill University.