Alfred Hitchcock (1899–1980) By Jacobs, Steven
Anglo-American director Alfred Hitchcock was one of the most influential auteurs in cinema history, making more than fifty feature films between 1925 and 1976. He is widely regarded as one of cinema’s most significant artists. Through his cameo appearances in his own films and on the television program Alfred Hitchcock Presents, he became a cultural icon. Director of famous films such as Blackmail, Rear Window, Vertigo, and Psycho, Hitchcock was a multiple nominee and winner of a number of prestigious awards, including two Golden Globes and the first BAFTA Academy Fellowship Award. He was nominated five times for an Academy Award as Best Director. His film Rebecca, nominated for 11 Oscars, won the Academy Award for Best Picture of 1940. His modernism is evidenced in the strong self-reflexivity of his films. Because the gaze itself is the pre-eminent subject of many Hitchcock suspense thrillers and somber melodramas, his work can be interpreted as a meditation on film as such.